Take you to appreciate several expressionist oil paintings by world-renowned painters
Wang Xiaoyi Expressionism (also known as Expressionism), one of the important modern art schools. Germany and Austria, which were born in the 20th century, matured around 1910. Expressionist painters emphasize individuality, feelings, and subjective needs. They imagine that through external representation, distortion of images, or emphasis on certain colors, the dream world can be displayed, so as to arouse emotional excitement and resonance among viewers. Expressionism focuses on the expression of inner emotions, but ignores the description of the form of the description object, so it is often manifested as a distortion and abstraction of reality. This practice is especially used to express the emotion of fear. Therefore, expressionist works with cheerful themes are rare. . Let’s enjoy several expressionist oil paintings by world-renowned painters: Vincent van Gogh: Self-Portrait With a Straw Hat and Artist's Smock
Van Gogh’s influence in many expressionism It is obvious in the works, because the painters imitated him in his paintings using pure, bright colors, his emphasized brushwork, and his contrasting color combinations. Museum curators and private collectors in Germany and Austria were among the first to purchase Van Gogh's paintings. By 1914, there were more than 160 Van Gogh's works in the collections of Germany and Austria. The traveling exhibition helped a generation of young artists get in touch with the expressive works of Van Gogh. Vincent van Gogh drew many self-portraits and tried various techniques and methods, including this one. Van Gogh's self-portrait style (posture, tense brushstrokes, introspective expression) influenced the portrait paintings of expressionist painters such as Emile Nord, Erich Heckel, and Lovis Collins. Vincent Van Gogh believes that “the portrait in the painting has its own life. It comes from the root of the artist’s soul and cannot be touched by the machine. In my opinion, the more people look at the photo, the more this is happening. Feeling.” This self-portrait is now in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, which opened in 1973. The museum houses more than 200 oil paintings, more than 500 drawings, more than 700 letters by Van Gogh, and Japanese prints in his personal collection. These works originally belonged to Van Gogh's younger brother Theo (Theo, 1857-1891), and were later passed on to Van Gogh's wife and her son Vincent Willem van Gogh (1890-1978). In 1962, he transferred these works to the Vincent Van Gogh Foundation, and these works became the core of the Van Gogh Museum's collection.
The details of the above self-portrait from Van Gogh wearing a straw hat clearly show how he uses solid colors and very clear directional brushstrokes. You can think of it as a less extreme pointillist. When you look at this painting up close, you see individual brush strokes and colors; when you take a step back, they visually blend together. Oskar Kokoschka: Hirsch as an Old Man
Oskar Kokoschka’s portraits are “famous for their depiction of the inner feelings of the subject, or more realistically Said it is Kokoschka’s own emotions.” Kokoschka said in 1912 that when he was working, “there was an emotional pouring into the image, becoming the plastic incarnation of the soul.” Schmidt Roth Karl Schmidt-Rottluff: Self-Portrait
German expressionist painter Karl Schmidt-Rottluff was one of the artists declared degenerate by the Nazis. His Hundreds of paintings were confiscated in 1938, and paintings were banned in 1941. He was born in Rotlof near Chemnitz (Saxony) on December 1, 1884, and died in Berlin on August 10, 1976. This painting shows that he used strong colors and strong brushstrokes, both of which are characteristic of his early paintings. If you think Van Gogh likes improvisation, look at this detail in Schmidt-Rotruf's self-portrait!
This detail in Karl Schmidt-Rotruf's "Self-Portrait" shows the depth of his use of paint. Take a closer look at the range of colors he uses, how unrealistic they are, but effective skin tones, and how little he mixes colors on the canvas. Erich Heckel: Seated Man
Erich Heckel and Karl schmidt-rotttluff in Became friends at school. After school, Heckel studied architecture, but did not finish his studies. Heckel and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff were one of the founders of the Bridge art group in Dresden in 1905. (The other two are Fritz Bleyl and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Heck is one of the expressionist painters declared degenerate by the Nazis. , His paintings were confiscated. Egon Schiele: Self-Portrait With Arm Twisting Above Head
Like Fauvism, Expressionism is characterized by the use of symbolic colors and exaggerated imagery Although the German expression is usually darker than the French expression of humanity. Egon Schiele’s paintings and self-portraits undoubtedly show a dark outlook on life; in his short career, he is "a performance focused on psychological exploration Pioneer ". Emil Nolde: White Tree Trunks
As Emil Nolde gradually became a painter, his approach became looser and more free, using him In other words, it is to'create something concentrated and simple from all these complexities'.
Vincent van Gogh: The Road Menders
Absolute black does not exist. But. Just like white, it exists in almost every color and forms a variety of grays-different in tone and intensity. So in nature, people can't see anything except these tones and tones. Austria August Macke: Vegetable Fields
August Macke was a member of the expressionist group "Blue Knights". He was killed in the First World War in September 1914 .Otto Dix: Sunrise