Talk about painting master Van Gogh, appreciation of Van Gogh
Introduction to Van Gogh: Vincent Willem van Gogh (March 30, 1853-July 29, 1890), a Dutch post-impressionist painter. Representative works include "Starry Night", self-portrait series, sunflower series, etc. Van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853 in the family of a Protestant priest in the Dutch village of Zindert. In his early years, he worked as a clerk and a business agent, and also as a missionary in a mining area. Finally, he devoted himself to painting. His early painting style was realistic, influenced by Dutch traditional painting and French realism school. In 1886, he came to Paris to get acquainted with Impressionist and Neo-Impressionist painters, and came into contact with the works of Japanese Ukiyo-e. The expansion of his vision made his painting style drastically changed. In 1888, he came to the small town of Arles in the south of France to create "The Suspension Bridge of Arles." In the same year, he interacted with the painter Paul Gauguin, but the cooperation soon failed due to the conflict of personalities and conceptual differences between the two. Since then, Van Gogh's madness (someone recorded as "epilepsy") often broke out, but he still insisted on painting when he was conscious. In 1889, he created "Star Moon Night". In July 1890, Van Gogh shot himself in insanity at the age of 37.
Van Gogh's experience was born on March 30, 1853 in the pastor's mansion in the center of the Zindert market in Brabant, southern Netherlands , His birthday is the death day of his brother who died as soon as he was born. In the middle of 1859, he was sent to Zindert's public school because of his isolation since he was a child. The terrible learning environment made him more and more rebellious, and he dropped out at the end of October 1861. In 1887, the color palette became brighter and brighter due to the closeness to the ever-developing contemporary French art movement; he exhibited his works on the walls of working-class cafes twice; in the same year, he shared with Pissarro and Degas. , Seurat, and Cézanne met and socialized, and then began to think that they were a burden to his younger brother and left Paris. In February 1888, I went to Arles, Provence, and lived in the Carlisle Café; in May, rented the "Yellow House" at No. 2 on La Martin Place, and created "The Suspension Bridge in Arles"; in June, he painted the "Cypress" series; On October 23, Paul Gauguin came to live with him; on December 23, due to disappointment and self-blame, he took all the mistakes that were not his own and cut off a small piece of his ear; Gauguin returned to Paris afterwards He stopped seeing him. After that, Vincent wanted to reconcile with Gauguin many times, but Gauguin said that "if he gets sick, he is in danger." In the same year, he began to create the "Sunflower" series. In January 1889, he created "Bandaged Self-Portrait"; on May 8, he stayed at the San Remi Sanatorium; in June, he created "Starry Night" in the San Remi Sanatorium. On May 16, 1890, Vincent was cured and discharged from the San Remy Sanatorium; the next morning, Vincent took the train to Lyon Station to find Theo. ; In June, the He Theo family lived with Dr. Gachet for a week to create "Doctor Gachet"; in July, he completed the last work "Crows in the Rye"; on July 27, he opened his chest One shot and died in Theo's arms on July 29; on July 30, the funeral was held in Orwell.
The creative characteristics of Van Gogh The works of Van Gogh are full of natural compassion and sense of suffering. For example, in the early days of Van Gogh's artistic career, the most frequently painted subjects were the gloomy scenes in the mining area and the working miners. During the Ayton period, the rolling of the setting sun, the peasants and peasant women in the sun appeared more in his works. In the period of Dorrent and The Hague, Van Gogh's works began to frequently include weeping women, full-length old trees, elderly orphans in urban almshouses, old horses driving, and working farmers, etc. Van Gogh has a high enthusiasm for farmers, field life, and rural field scenery. He loves everything about farmers, especially sunflowers, wheat fields, warbler flowers, pea flowers, etc. He often chose these objects exuding the fragrance of earth as his painting subjects. In his short artistic career, Van Gogh relied on his keen artistic perception to affectionately and meticulously depict these simple and natural landscapes, still lifes and As a character, he is also known as "the purest painter among painters". Compared with the gorgeous and bright paintings, Van Gogh's paintings are more simple and timeless. He poured his infinite passion into these simple flowers and field life, making the paintings produce an art that cannot be surpassed and cannot be imitated. magic. Van Gogh once drew many paintings about sunflowers. Although the number of sunflowers and the posture of the flowers were different each time, they all showed a kind of fullness and energy. In addition, Van Gogh often chooses wheat fields as his painting subjects. From his paintings of various wheat fields, one can perceive the sadness emanating from the wheat fields. For example, Van Gogh's "The Wheat Field Under Dark Clouds" created by Orville is based on the endless wheat field under inclement weather, conveying feelings of desolation, loneliness, depression and depression. For another example, "The Wheat Field with Crows" also takes the wheat field as the main theme, and adds a group of black crows above the wheat field, thus presenting a deep despair and deathly silence. Of course, in addition to these two subjects, Van Gogh's paintings also involve many subjects and objects, but without exception, they are all simple and unpretentious, and are closely related to life.In terms of color, Van Gogh is a colorist painter. His preference for color has almost reached a state of madness. Although this has a certain connection with his mental illness, it cannot be denied that Van Gogh’s creative discovery of color and Performance. The colors in his paintings are more unrestrained and exaggerated, which also deeply influenced the expressionism and Fauvism paintings of the 20th century. Specifically, the unrestrained colors in Van Gogh's paintings are mainly manifested in the following three aspects: First, they are decorated with bright and lively exaggerated colors. Influenced by the neo-impressionist painters Pissarro, Seurat and other color techniques, Van Gogh abandoned the dark and heavy colors in the early days of painting, and began to use some high-brightness, high-purity, and high-brightness colors to create a very With the modern and fashionable color decoration effects, his oil paintings have become more and more bright as a result. Among all the high-purity and high-brightness colors, Van Gogh prefers yellow. The simple and clear yellow has another layer of meaning, that is, it symbolizes the sun and the earth, and represents light and hope. In the impetus of yellow, the contrast of color brightness and purity of Van Gogh's paintings is very sharp, producing a bright and bright decorative beauty. For example, Van Gogh’s "Sunflower" uses a large area of yellow as the main tone, followed by earthy yellow, lemon yellow, and medium yellow to give the audience a colorful and dazzling visual experience. It also shows Van Gogh’s view of beauty. Longing for life. Second, decorate with the contrast of large color blocks. In decorative colors, juxtaposition and contrast of large color blocks is a very important expression technique. Although this expression technique has been proposed before Van Gogh, it has been most vividly expressed in Van Gogh's paintings. The contrasting colors in Van Gogh's paintings are often large and flat, which not only simplifies the generalization, but also increases the thickness of the picture. Moreover, the contrast of color blocks can also produce a harmonious visual effect. For example, "Cafe at Night-Outdoor Scenery" is decorated with large color blocks of contrasting colors. The yellow-orange lights and the deep blue night sky contrast with each other, giving the picture a sense of depth and vividly depicting People's nightlife. Third, use absolute black and white for buffering. In the painting process, in addition to pursuing the bright and cheerful colors of the picture and the contrast of color blocks, Van Gogh often used black and white to buffer and coordinate the colors, which often appeared in the same scene as the contrasting colors. Take "The Sower" as an example. The screen is divided into two parts, the upper part and the lower part. The upper part is bright yellow and the lower part is bright purple. The contrast between the two colors is very strong and the transition is relatively straightforward. Eye irritation. And Van Gogh painted the sower's trousers in the picture as white, creating a partition between yellow and purple, and the audience's eyes can also get a moment of rest.
The style of Van Gogh's painting pursues a wild style, thick and rough brushwork What they bring is a straightforward and simple way of expression, with a certain strength and intensity. What they emphasize is the transmission of "god" rather than the expression of "shape", which is in line with the "faithfulness" pursued by classicism. The painting concept of “Expression of Nature” is quite different. From a closer look, the images in Van Gogh's paintings have very distinctive personalities in their modeling, with strong wildness and extensiveness, as if the painter was freely swayed under the control of passion. The audience will also be immersed and shocked by this passion when they appreciate the pictures, and they will deeply feel the painter's inner cry. This wild style of modeling has a lot to do with the time, environment and character of the painter's life. Because Van Gogh had not received professional art education, he completely used his inner feelings as the main criterion in styling. In addition, Van Gogh has lived in poverty, hardship, and disease all his life. This has also had a profound impact on his psychology. Therefore, the image modeling in his paintings is distorted, wild and rough. It is these factors that gave Van Gogh a wealth of emotion and deep cognition. Take "Starry Night" as an example, this painting was created during Van Gogh's time in the San Remy Sanatorium. During this period, Van Gogh's condition was good and bad, and his mind was sometimes awake and confused. Therefore, his paintings during this period were rougher and more casual. In this picture, Van Gogh uses vivid and stubborn short line pens to form a turbulent and rotating universe. The ten stars in the night sky are also composed of flowing lines of different lengths and thicknesses. The image of a cypress in the close-up view is like a tear. Burning gothic church. The shapes of the night sky, stars and cypress trees in the picture are very exaggerated, wild, and strange, making people unpredictable. In addition, this strange and wild shape makes people fall into a yellow and blue whirlpool, and a feeling of despair and terror emerges spontaneously.
The influence of Van Gogh Van Gogh was a pioneer of expressionism and deeply influenced the 20th century Art, especially Fauvism and German Expressionism. The works of Van Gogh that caused the confusion of most of his contemporaries are now printed on postcards and wall calendars, and they have become best sellers. Entrepreneurs swarmed Van Gogh's name into the field of business, such as Van Gogh tie, Van Gogh ballpoint pen, Van Gogh soap, Van Gogh movies, Van Gogh operas, and his works are even on the international oil painting auction market. The leader.
Evaluation of Van Gogh "Van Gogh had a great influence on the later Fauvism and Expressionism His artistic achievements have a greater effect on his successors than Manet and Cézanne.” (Commented by the Italian art critic Xiaowen Duli) “Van Gogh’s entire life has been submerged in art. His works of various eras are completely It is a record of the life of an era. Among artists who live by art, it can be said to be an extreme example." (Comment by Chinese painter Feng Zikai) Van Gogh's modern anecdote: