"Master" abstract expressionist soul figure-De Kooning
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William de Kooning April 24, 1904-March 19, 1997, the soul of abstract expressionism by the Dutch-American painter
William de Kooning was born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, studied at the Rotterdam Academy of Fine Arts. He came to the United States in 1926, initially relying on whitewashing houses and commercial design for a living, until 1936 he began to engage in professional art creation. De Kooning's exploration of abstract art began in the 1940s, with a wide range of art themes and a changeable style of painting. In the early 1950s, De Kooning completed the creation of the famous series of female themes. In the late 1950s, he returned to the creation of the famous series of female themes. In the late 1950s, he returned to the exploration of abstract composition, and used "loud" colors and swift brushstrokes to show emotional expression. De Kooning's works basically take women and landscapes as the themes, using crisscross brushstrokes to express distorted characters, full of passion. From the early realistic paintings to the continuous changes in the contours and shapes of the figure, the composition is full of dynamics. This series of transformations formed the basic characteristics of De Kooning's abstract style.
He blended the styles of European Cubism, Surrealism and Expressionism into his powerful painting activities, and melted the concept of radical art into his art world. Even extreme paintings have artistic beauty, trying to awaken a sense of inner connection with all life things in people's hearts.
De Kooning's art is rooted in the exploration of previous generations of artists. He once admired Picasso very much. After turning to the abstract style, he gradually got rid of the influence of Cubism. He gradually used the rough big brushstrokes and wild and passionate colors to form abstract pictures. "Mentally, I always do whatever I want and do whatever I want. Art never seems to stop my heart. Some painters, including myself, are unwilling to sit in style." This is De Kooning's understanding of art, and it is also His theoretical guidance.
De Kooning’s oil paintings combine bright colors, violent brushstrokes, rich textures and full and intense emotions. , Has a strong expressionist style. As one of the important contemporary artists, De Kooning has the characteristics of "sensibility", "bodyization", "materialization" and "violence" in his works, which constitute the contemporary nature of his works. History occupies a unique position in the shift from modernism to postmodernism, and has important enlightening significance.
De Kooning's works give us the impression of frantic brushstrokes, as if the painter is not using a brush but some kind of sharp weapon to sweep the canvas in a vent. It brings us a kind of momentary shock and then a long-term sense of turbulence. The reason for the turbulence of
should be attributed more to the ablation of dark and bright brushstrokes. The principle of mutual ablation is precisely the physiological reason of vision. When our point of view stays in dark colors, it seems that bright colors are moving, and bright colors are engulfing dark colors. When our point of view stays in bright colors, it seems that the dark colors are tumbling and engulfing the bright colors. From the visual psychological level, the sense of movement produced by this ablation is realized through brushstrokes. This brushstroke is not through rational design, but a completely emotional release. De Kooning's painting is a kind of accidental product under hysterical passion, emphasizing the instinct of painting, which is the presentation of instinct.
De Kooning and Pollock, as the most representative artists of American abstract expressionism, show two styles of abstract painting. Pollock is known for his "drip method", while De Kooning has incorporated European "Cubism", "Surrealism" and "Expressionism" styles into his paintings by "mixing and merging".
As one of the soul figures of "Abstract Expressionism", De Kooning's art fully embodies the characteristics of "Abstract Expressionism"
In addition, his style of painting is unique, and he does not completely abandon the image like other "abstract expressionist" painters. Instead, it always maintains the concreteness of the pictures and graphics to a certain extent, and even the most abstract pictures are arranged exquisitely and full of visual charm, thus melting the modernist concept into their own art world.
De Kooning's works have nurtured his special artistic style between concrete and abstract images. This kind of image extraction and deconstruction and reorganization constitute the formal beauty of painting, and it is also a perceptual experience of life's emotions. De Kooning's painting links sensibility, rationality, subjectivity and objectivity, and expresses the emotions of life into the paintings.